The alphabet soup of school parent volunteer groups (PTA, PTO, etc.) and their meanings can be pretty confusing, especially since the differences between the organizations can very a lot!
This post will clear up any and all confusion you might have about school parent group names.
What’s a PTO?
PTO is the umbrella name for all school parent groups (think “facial tissues”) and they’re independent/stand alone organizations that do not feed up into a larger organization.
PTOs generally have to learn on their own the best practices for running their group.
PTOs do not have any guidelines to follow outside of any local, state or federal laws.
PTOs are not required to charge membership dues.
And there’s no set offices or positions that must be filled each year.
Some PTOs are 501c3 organizations, but only if they have filed the appropriate paperwork with the IRS or if not based in the United States, their country’s tax authority.
All school parent groups are PTOs.
What’s a PTA?
PTA is the “brand name” for PTOs (think “Kleenex” or “Puffs”) and local units feed up into a national group through state PTAs and are organized into districts.
In addition to local, state and federal laws and regulations, PTAs have a set of guidelines to follow set forth by the National PTA.
PTAs are required to collect membership dues.
And they have certain positions that must be filled each year to be considered a PTA.
There are also various reports that need to be filed each year to stay in compliance with their State PTA or the National PTA.
State PTAs have different requirements for the reporting and compliance requirements.
Additionally, PTAs are usually 501c3 tax-exempt organizations that flows through from their affiliation with the State PTA.
All PTAs are PTOs.
My group is called something else…
Some school parent groups chose to have an entirely different name altogether.
And that doesn’t mean the group isn’t a PTO.
For example, some of the common names you might see for parent groups include:
Home School Association (HSA)
Parent Association (PA)
Parent + Child (P+C)
Parent Council (PC)
Parent Child Council (PCC)
Parent Advisory Committee (PAC)
Parent Faculty Association or Parent and Family Association (PFA)
Parent Faculty Club (PFC)
Parent Group (PG)
Partners In Education or Parents for Inclusive Education (PIE)
Parents In Partnership or Partners in Parenting (PIP)
Parent-Initiated Treatment (PIT)
Parent(s) Organization (PO)
Parent Student Organization (PSO)
Parent Support Partner (PSP)
Parent Teacher Advisory Council (PTAC)
Parent Teacher Council (PTC)
Parent-Teacher-Counselor Organization or Parent Teachers and Community Members Organization (PTCO)
Parent Focused Treatment (PFT)
Parent Teacher League (PTL)
Parent Teacher Fellowship (PTF)
Parent Teacher Group (PTG)
Parent Teacher Partnership (PTP)
Parent Teacher Student Association (PTSA)
Parent Teacher Student Council (PTSC)
Parent Teacher Student Organization (PTSO)
Parent Teacher Teams (PTT)
Parent-Teacher Union (PTU)
Parent Volunteer Organization (PVO)
Student Council Association (SCA)
School Community Organization (SCO)
School Home Partnership (SHP)
While the specific function of the group may slightly differ, they all have the same goal of enriching the school community for students and staff.
Basically, no matter the exact name of the group, they all fall into the PTO category.
This video dives into the differences between parent groups.
Watch to learn the distinction and why that distinction matters!
Summing it all up
All PTAs are PTOs.
But not all PTOs are PTAs.
If your group name isn’t PTA, and you’re a school parent volunteer organization, you’re a PTO.
Knowing the difference between the group names will help you understand what resources are available to you in your role as a parent group leader!